Environmental education has been conceived as a process of recognising the value and various concepts of the environment. This is aimed at determining the skills and approaches necessary for understanding the relationship between the biophysical and human environments.
Tourism is a rapidly developing and expanding industry around the globe, perhaps the fastest growing industry contributing about 10% to the global economy. It is a major source of foreign exchange, gross domestic product, income and employment. A major sector is eco-tourism, defined as “tourism that depends on the ecology of the visited area”. Many countries in Africa including Zimbabwe have natural and wild landscapes, plants, and animals that are intact and worth experiencing by viewing.
Foreign tourists visit a country and bring in hard currency, but they also bring expectations not only of seeing mountains, forests, or wildlife, but also of receiving value for money and this include good service and knowledgeable guiding.
However, tourism has the potential to destroy fragile visited habitats, cultural landscapes and associated biodiversity if not properly managed. It is unfortunate that most managers in the tourism industry, in their opinion have a poor understanding of the ecology of Zimbabwe and Africa in general, and of global conservation issues.
It is against such a background that the Department of Forest Resources and Wildlife Management of the National university of Science and Technology (NUST) is now offering two degree programmes, Bachelor of Science (Hons) in Forest Resources and Wildlife Management as well as Master of Science Degree in Eco-tourism and Biodiversity Conservation.